Year 13 A2 Lang and Lit

9 comments:

  1. In this one minute long transcription many prosodic features have been used for various reasons.

    Throughout this scene, much of the dialogue was stressed because it was so intense and the atmosphere was fairly negative that syllables had to be stressed to add emphasis to what was being said. When speech is stressed it draws our attention to the particular words and in some cases may change the meaning of an utterance and in this case it has been used to show the tension between Masood and Zainab’s relationship. When Zainab begins the speech she repeats the word ‘no’. She uses this before the words ‘mess’ and ‘clutter’ to compare the state of the house to the state if their relationship. The response she receives from Masood is callous and one-worded which tells us he is upset and he doesn’t want to build upon what she is saying. This shows us that Zainab is predominantly the superior in their relationship but because of the hard time they are going through she isn’t able to maintain her character. We can tell that she is feeling vulnerable and needs the support from her husband but because he is also hurting, he is not able to give to her.

    In the start of the scene, after the first couple of lines have been said a long pause takes place which last about 6 seconds with both characters in the scene staring at each other. This may not seem like a long time, but in a scene that only last for 60 seconds it is quite a while to stay in silence without any dialogue. In the case of this scene, the pause in the conversation reflects awkwardness between the two participants, Zainab and Masood. The hesitation in the speech was as indication of stress and uncertainty because Zainab is not sure how Masood will react to what she wants to say. This shows us that the character of Zainab is feeling weak at the moment and is reluctant to express her true emotions.

    Furthermore, as the soap is set in East London, I presume the accent intended for the characters is supposed to be cockney. The pronunciation of words is an important expression of regional and social identity and influences the impressions that others form of the speaker. When I did the transcription I used non-standard spelling to indicate that the characters are speaking with a regional accent so it is clear for the read to understand where they are from. Also, from the speech we can identify that there is a class difference between Zainab and Masood and Roxy, Bianca and Kat as they use standard English and the other characters used non-standard English.

    Another reason as to why we assume that Masood is the inferior in the relationship is because of Zainab’s imperative use. The way Zainab uses it is manipulative to enhance the way she wants Masood to act and she attempts to sway the way he reacts. ‘So now, Masood, now, we can start again you know, big line- solid line’, at this point in the conversation she is still talking down to Masood and telling him what to do until gradually her emotions get the best of her. Without any context about what happened before or after this conversation takes place or what their relationship is usually like we can automatically assume that their relationship is one where Zainab had the upper hand and she attempts to undermine Masood regularly but because of the argument that is taking place she is left defenceless.



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    1. Hi Aroosa, this is a much more competent piece of analysis here. You pick out some quite interesting scripted features regarding Zainab and the strained relationship overall between her and Masood. This is what you'll have to do in the exam, but with an unscripted piece which may be tougher to uncode. Have a look on the Interweb for unscripted transcripts to see how they have been tackled to get an idea of some of the things you'
      L have to spot and talk about too. Remember, the graphology of the transcript and the key for transcript features will greatly help you in your analysis of spoken language conversation. Good start here.
      Ms Kerai

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  2. The relationship between the two characters is that of brothers, "missed my little brother", with Damon being te eldest; although they do not appear to be very close as it has been "fifteen years"since they last saw each other. Damon appears to be the dominant character, as his lines are lengthier, he remains calm throughout and he also gets the last word. Stefan however does try to take control of the conversation, by repeatedly trying to lead the conversation to the root of damon arrival "why are you here".

    Attitudes of both brothers differ, Damon appears to be at ease and little sarcastic, where as stefan comes across as being serious and frustrated "WHY ARE YOU HERE". Damon also appears to like creating trouble for Stefan " that can be a problem for you"; it is also mentioned that he kept the "girl alive tonight", suggesting that normally his victims do not survive, therefor a full on vampire. The audience also learns that Stefan's arrival is due to a girl called "Elena", who appears to play an important role in Stefan's life as the name has been stressed by Damon.

    There are similarities present from the characters dialect, as they both skip certain letters while speaking. This is most likely due to both brothers having been brought up in the south, where the show has been set. It is easily deduced that the scene was scripted, as there is no interruptions or filler; also the dialogue is completely consists of turn taking, one after the other which does not occur in natural spoken language.

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    1. Neelam, I made a mistake-check below for your feedback.
      Ms Kerai

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  3. Isn't it odd for someone who isn't familiar with the series, or if you haven't got any idea of the context of the conversation, to hear Damon say that it's been 15 years since they last spoke when clearly these two guys are in their teens/twenties? You've picked out some good points like sarcasm and Stefan's clear frustration at his older brother. Consider Elena and the mention of her more, she is a point of contention for both brothers and you see this when her name is mentioned. There's more to the clipping of words by Damon, it points to accent, possibly southern US, be clearer when you write about possible geographical locations. Also, just be careful with quote, some quote work is a bit clumpy and put in for the sake of putting it in, ie why are you here...one more thing, the fact that here are no fillers, hedges and topic change seems so smooth are further indicators of tight scripting, it doesn't look like an ad lib script at all.

    Good start, but clear places to work at here. Also, have a browse through the net to see if you can come across any unscripted conversations and look at the layout of the transcripts, what can you read from these? You might find the AQA website with past papers and mark schemes useful. Although we will look at these, you could get a head start and look at the format of the paper and the types of transcripts you will be asked to analyse.
    Ms Kerai

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  4. Between Text A and text B there are few similaries and differences. The context for example is different although the purpose is in a way similar the audience is different

    Text A is a conversation between two nurses and a patient called Reg. Reg has just had an accident and while nurse 1 is filling nurse 2 in , on what she is missed while she was away. While filling Nurse 2 in the first nurse is speaking to Reg and telling Reg what will happen to him. This is the context of the text but the purpose is to inform. The audience of this text are both Reg and Nurse two, as even though she is talking to Reg the main information is directed at Nurse 2. The genre is a transcript.

    Text B is a also a transcript type of conversation although it is from a play. The purpose of this play is also to inform and entertain. The conversation is between two doctors and A patient called Ken. Ken is paralysed from the neck down. He seems to be quite rude and bitter, although I wouldn’t really blame him for that and him being sarcastic. He is bound to be sarcastic and bitter if he and the doctor both know what is wrong with him . if they ask questions he is bound to be rude .

    In both texts the speakers attitudes are different . As I mention in the introduction to text B Ken is a bit rude and bitter , whereas in text A Reg understands what is sort of going on, and I think he has come to accept it and he may get better , he is more polite and does agree with what the Nurse is saying although I think he misunderstands what the nurse is saying when she asks questions I think reg understands it as he just Is being told whereas the nurse may be expecting him to give his views on what should happen, his opinion.

    Even though both texts can be seen as talk in life I think text A is more talk in life, and text B is talk in literature. I think both texts can be counted as talk in life because they are both sort of the same theme. Both are set in a hospital and there are medical staff communicating with patients as would happen in real life. Some patients are polite and accepting and others are rude, bitter and unaccepting.

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    1. Hi Beejal, good start here, there's lots we can do to improve this to make sure it passes though.
      The first piece of advice I would give is make sure your answer has more conviction, make sure it sounds more like an essay should eg take the personal pronoun out of your writing, use more inference connectives and be assertive in your comments eg, text b isa drama text and therefore its primary purpose is to...
      The introduction here is telling the examiner what they already know, you are just repeating what is in the question paper. Start with your second paragraph, give a summary of what you will be looking at in your essay.
      Be clear on the genre of the text, no-text b is not a transcript, it is a piece of drama and it's agenda is very different to the agenda of text a.
      Use Searle's theory in your analysis, don't just put his name in, actually analyse using his Speech Act theory.
      You must deepen up the analysis. There is so much you can say just about the use of pronouns in each text, so say it! There is a plethora of things you could mention about status and talk in occupations eg nurse to nurse and doctor to doctor...
      Is there anything you can say about Ken? He isn't just presented as arrogant for no reason, there is a reason behind it, does it add sympathy in any way? Does it add to the entertaining appeal of the genre of the piece?
      Good start Beejal, let's make the changes and up this from E to C. Good job,
      Ms Kerai

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  5. The theme present in both texts A and B is recovery. The prominent features of the two texts are the different situations and attitudes presented in them, due to one exploring talk in life and the other talk in literature.

    In text A the patient has recovered and will soon be discharged, whereas in text b the patient is not in such a lucky position. Henceforth the characters convey different attitudes and values. Reg in text a comes across as polite and well mannered as there are several "thank you"s present, he also appears to be the back channel to the conversation as his answers tend to be monosyllabic "yes" and he does not put forward his own view. This may be due to the fact that the nurses hold a figure of authority higher than reg, so he feels it right to just simply listen. The nurses also seem to provide a form of comfort, so Reg doesn't feel as if he is going through the procedure alone, "we've had a good recovery ", this may be the reason for Reg being at ease.
    On the other hand in text b ken comes across as being a little snarky and frustrated, which is understandable considering that he is paralysed and worried about his recovery. Unlike Reg, Ken states his opinion and is persistent to receive an answer to his question "I'm not asking for a guarantee on oath....do you believe I will ever walk again?". Ken has also used " thank you", but were as it was simply a gesture in text a it appears to be more sincere in text b, as Ken is probably aware of how difficult it is for the doctor to tell him their is little hope.

    The language features presented in both texts vary, due to Text A being a spontaneous piece of speech, and text b a well thought out script which would likely have been edited several times. Talk in life, is not always grammatically correct,for example "Yes it is.Ground floor. Yes", it does not come across as being coherent, probably due to Reg saying the first thing that comes to his mind .There also tends to be several pauses and fillers, such as "um" used in text a to give N1 the chance to think about what she will say. Talk in literature, tends to be polished and sentences are well phrased "Well, you'll certainly be leaving us soon, I should think.", all punctuation is included in this line from text B allowing it to read off precisely the way it should sound. The reason for these differences is the audience, in text a the audience of the conversation is whomever is in it, therefore there is little worry as to how the sentences are formed and come across. Text b is a play script, meaning audiences consisting of hundreds of people, for them to understand the conservation properly the sentences need to be well written and clear. Similarly the purpose of both texts differs, in text b it is to entertain and text a it is simply to tell Reg of the arrangements taking place. Henceforth text a comes across as being a little instructive "I've asked the social worker to pop and see you this afternoon", the instructions are given subtly telling reg exactly what to do. Entertainment comes across in text b, through the comic lines "you mean you only grow vegetables here- the vegetable store is somewhere else", the doctor does not understand the joke therefor it is possible the writer Brian Clark put it in to give the audience something to laugh about.

    Talk in literature tries to mimic talk in life, however there are several differences between the way they come across, there purpose, audience and context.

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  6. Neelam, this is a great start here, good picking out of linguistic features and good use reference to terminology. There's a wealth of possibility here that would push this up to C or B.
    Make context and context differences clear and analyse these as your first analysis points to evaluate values and agendas. What is the genre of each text? Consider the context of who is speaking to whom, eg nurse to nurse and doctor to doctor, what are the agendas of each individual? What else could you say about the position of Reg and Ken in each text with regards to context-and this is where you can shift focus to purpose because each text has a different purpose and they achieve these purposes are achieved in different ways. The drama text has been crafted to achieve entertaining effect and build Ken as appearing arrogant, almost as if he knows better than the doctors. How is Ken treated by Dr Emerson and what can you tell about the status of Dr Emerson vs Dr Scott.
    Also, plan with context in mind first.

    Plan plan plan.
    Ms Kerai

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